Bast-Mut is a syncretization of goddesses Bast and Mut, creating Bast in her role as Queen. She is found in Bubastis (Per-Bast, Tell-Basta), with Bast being a form of Mut.
The syncretization Mut-Bast was found in Luxor (Thebes/Karnak/Waset) and at Isheru lake, where Mut was prominent. In those depictions, she appears both as a lioness-headed woman with the solar disk, and as a humanoid woman. We know that this is her based upon the hieroglyphic inscriptions included with the imagery.
Bast-Mut and Mut-Bast are both the same deity, however, in the Kemetic Orthodoxy Rite of Parent Divination, the Name that comes first is the god that the one divined will best understand. For the sake of continuity, and because she is my divined Mother, I will be calling her as Bast-Mut throughout the page.
Bast-Mut is still Bast, but she is also Mut. As an example, let us say that Bast is the color Red and Mut is the color Blue. Syncretized, they form the color Purple. This creates a whole new color that you cannot separate. In this fashion, she gets equal parts of both goddesses and forms it into one. Spend some time researching both goddesses, and you'll get an idea of how Bast-Mut can be.
In many cases, this syncretization can take the form of Bast taking on the roles of Mut. (Bast-as-Mut) If we were to look into Mut-Bast, that could play as Mut taking on Bast's roles. In essence, they are the same, but there may be differences in how Mut-Bast acts versus the traits of Bast-Mut. As we do not yet have any divined children of the former, I have no point of reference as to which to compare.
Bast-Mut (Mut-Bast) in the Books
"As on the east jamb of the doorway, one expects Mut with a syncretistic name for the lioness-headed goddess. If she is not simply labeled as Mw .t nb .t p .t, she could be Mut-Bastet (as on the east jamb) or Mut-Sekhmet; there is not enough space for Mut-Weret-Hekau. One notes that in the dedicatory text on the east wall in the bark shrine of Mut in the triple shrine of the Ramesside Court, Ramesses II refers to having made the monument for his mother Mut-Bastet (KRI 2, 615/16-616-1). The prominence accorded to Mut as Bastet on the east wall of the triple shrine mirrors the importance of the lioness-headed goddess in the first register scenes on the east and west jambs of the north portal of the Colonnade Hall. One may also note that the word ms survives in the words spoken by Mut-Bastet on the east wall of the Mut shrine (KRI 2, 616/6), recalling the texts accompanying the lioness goddess on pl. 149." - Oriental Institute Publications (OIP) Vol 116
Disclaimer: Much of the information listed below falls under UPG, or Unverified Personal Gnosis. These are offerings I feel she likes, songs I associate with her, and other tidbits I find important towards understanding Bast-Mut. Much of my knowledge of her comes from both personal experiences and those of others who experience her.
Working with Bast-Mut
This is my personal experiences with her, and they may differ from yours or from that of others. However, this is a good guideline to start with if you are new or haven't met her yet.
When you first decide to introduce yourself to the Queen, it's important to be formal and respectful. Only in spending more time and experiences with her are you allowed to loosen formalities a little. She is warm and loving, like the sun beaming down in a caress. A nice offering goes over well, as well as honest intentions and being present and respectful in her presence. She is Bast, a lover of joy, rich things, and perfumes, but she is Queen and more directing rather than acting. There is a regal air about her, and she tends to be more on the formal side of things. Share your meals with her, speak your mind, and be open and honest.
In my experiences with my Mother, Bast-Mut, she is very much Bast, but with Mut, she gains that regal authority. She doesn't roll around like a playful kitten, but instead stands tall and looks into your eyes with a smile. She can be both small cat and lioness, more often with the latter coming from her syncretization with Mut.
Bast-Mut is like the sun. The warmth and glow of her love shine down and embrace you, never burning. For she is the sun gently kissing the horizon, the one you can glimpse out of the corner of your eyes, still hot and bright, but tender. Regal is her splendor that dusts the clouds in the royal hues of purple and gold. The sky glows for her.
When to call upon the Queen
- When you need some fierce motherly love.
- When you want some direction, and you're in need of a gentle push to get there.
- When you are in need of self-care and need a stern but loving Mother to make you do so.
- When you're stuck in the past or worrying about the future, and you need a reminder to live in the moment.
- When you need some gentle self-care and some help in finding joy.
- When you're taking on a leadership role and need help asserting yourself.
- Feline-headed woman with double or uraeus modii crown.
- Lioness, or other big cat.
- Domestic cat with cobra between her paws.
- Depicted with the Solar Disk as Mut-Bast.
- Shown in humanoid form as Mut-Bast.
- Empowerment & Confidence
- Leadership & Royalty
- Living in the Moment
- Inner Strength
- Joy & Beauty
- Lady of Heaven
- (She) who Shines as Gold(en)
- (She) who Creates Sunbeams
- Lady of the Palace
- Lady of the Great House
- Lady of the Isheru Waters
- Lady of All the Lands
- The (Great) Young Lioness
- Lady of Life
- Great of Strength
- She of the Beautiful Face
- Lady of Red Linen
- Lady of Cobras
- Lady of Joy
- The (ruling) Queen
- The Daughter of Ra
- The Greatly Beloved
- The Greatly Feared
- She of the Powerful Heart
- Lady of Food
- Great of Magic
- The Head of the Goddesses
(A favored selection of epithets that both Bast and Mut have in common. Translated from the LAGG by Akhytsenu.)
- Wife of Amun-Ra
- Mother of Khonsu
- Mother of Mafdet (UPG)
- Dark Chocolate
- High Quality Meat
- Chai Tea
- Catnip Tea
- Cream Liqueur
- Cool Water
- Hot Chocolate
Stones and Colors
- Lapis Lazuli
- Deep Red
- Royal Purple
- Song and Dance
- Drawing and Painting
- Volunteer Work
- Anything done with Passion and Love
I Akhet | August
28 - Offerings to Amun, Mut, and Khonsu of Isheru
II Akhet | September
10 - Appearance of Bast of Ankhtawy
O - New Moon to Full Moon - Opet Festival
III Akhet | October
2 - Return of Mut
20 - Procession of Bast Lady of Ankhtawy in front of Ra
IV Akhet | November
15 - Feast of Sekhmet and Bast before Ra
16 - Feast of Sekhmet and Bast of Isheru
I Peret | December
3 - Feast of the Drunkenness of the Eye of Ra
13 - Feast of Bast
20 - Procession of Bast
21 - Bast Guards the Two Lands
O - Winter Solstice - She is Led Back
29 - Bast and Sekhmet Protect the Two Lands
30 - Boat Procession of Mut, Lady of Isheru
II Peret | January
18 - Feast of Bast in Bubastis
III Peret | February
13 - Feast of Bast
IV Peret | March
4 - Great Festival of Bast/Day of Chewing Onions for Bast (2 days)
II Shomu | May
16 - Feast of Bast
III Shomu | June
13 - Feast of Bast of Memphis
29 - Feast of Mut
(Please refer to the Kemetic Calendar to see when dates fall.)
Sources and Additional Reading
Siuda, Tamara. The Ancient Egyptian Daybook. Portland: Stargazer Design, 2016. http://www.egyptiandaybook.com/
Galan, Jose M, et al., editors. Creativity and Innovation in the Reign of Hatshepsut. The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2014.
“Cat Goddess Bast and the Goddess Mut.” The Great Cat , LA Vocelle, www.thegreatcat.org/cat-goddess-bast-and-the-goddess-mut/.Hays, Christopher B. “The Egyptian Goddess Mut in Iron Age Palestine: Further Data From Amulets and Onomastics.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, The University of Chicago Press, 2 Oct. 2012, www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/666652.
Gray, Zachery. The Intrepid Wanderer's Guide to Ancient Egyptian Goddesses. Intrepid Spirit Books, 2008.
Hart, George. A Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses. Routledge, 2004.
Naville Édouard. Bubastis: (1887-1889): with 54 Plates. Paul, Trench, Trübner, 1891.
Oriental Institute Publications (OIP) Vol 116 - Reliefs and Inscriptions at Luxor Temple - Volume 2 - The Facade, Portals, Upper Register Scenes, columns, marginalia, and statuary in the colonnade hall
Oriental Institute Publications (OIP) Vol 93 - Medinet Habu - Volume VII - The Temple Proper - Part III - The Third Hypostyle Hall and all rooms accessible from it with friezes of scenes from the roof terraces and exterior walls of the temple
Oriental Institute Publications (OIP) Vol 83 - Medinet Habu - Volume V - The Temple Proper - Part I - The Portico, The Treasury, and Chapels Adjoining the First Hypostyle Hall with Marginal Material from the Forecourts
Oriental Institute Publications (OIP) Vol 142. The Great Hypostyle Hall in the Temple of Amun at Karnak